It was a dependency issue

It was the simple beginning of a test:

public class SomethingTest {
    public void testSomething() throws JMSException {
        ClassPathXmlApplicationContext context = new ClassPathXmlApplicationContext(

Yet when I tried to run it, I got this:

org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: Error creating bean with name 'jmsConnectionFactory' defined in class path resource [com/ontsys/learn/transactions/spring/beans.spring.xml]: Instantiation of bean failed; nested exception is java.lang.NoClassDefFoundError: javax/transaction/TransactionManager
Caused by: java.lang.NoClassDefFoundError: javax/transaction/TransactionManager
    at java.lang.Class.getDeclaredMethods0(Native Method)
    at java.lang.Class.privateGetDeclaredMethods(
    at java.lang.Class.getDeclaredMethods(

…and so on.

It looked like my Maven pom file was not set up with everything it needed. I didn’t understand how that could be since I was modelling my pom file after another project that was working fine. I looked in that project’s parent pom file and didn’t see anything about transactions in there.

What it was, was…

It turns out when I thought I was looking at the parent pom file for the project I was following, I missed and got the grandparent pom instead. (We’d just switched around to even have a grandparent pom within the last few days and it didn’t sink in that I was missing looking at the immediate parent.)

Anyway, in the parent pom was the following dependency:


I added that dependency to my new project’s pom.xml (and ran Maven Eclipse* to update my project with the new dependencies) and now my test can find the classes it needs.

Thanks for the help again, Keith!

*Not m2eclipse, mind you (yet, anyway — we haven’t seemed to be able to get that working for what we need) — just the regular Maven Eclipse plugin used as an Eclipse External Tool running the eclipse:clean and eclipse:eclipse goals.


One thought on “It was a dependency issue

  1. Nice! You’ve got to love the POM. Intricate and complex, but ultimately helpful.

    Glad my Eclipse setup is still providing use. It would be nice if there was a real plugin that would implement Maven dependencies the same way the command line does!

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